You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. 15. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. My/o: Related to muscle. Medical prefixes and suffixes. Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. 31. 11. 28. 39. For instance, you can refer to it for common medical terms that your physician may have used at an appointment you had with him/her, which you may not have understood fully. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. To be successful and accurate medical coders must have a solid understanding of common medical terms for various reasons which include: Reading and understanding medical dictation Proper code look up … Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. 2. C/O - complains of, care of 11. 44. Every industry has its fair share of jargon. Chronic: Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. Inflammation of the liver Elements WR: S: 2. arthr- + -itis = arthritis, instead of arthr-o-itis). As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. 6. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. Pseudo-: False or deceptive, usually in regards to appearance. Medical Coding. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. 18. 32. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. ADM - admission, admitted 4. 41. -pathy: Disease or disease process. 40. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. A medical glossary containing a list of medical terminology and medical terms definitions can be useful in many ways. of or relating to the part of the trunk between the lowest ribs and the pelvis. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Use this list to get you started. 27. 20. Medical terminology is the language of healthcare. There are so many specialized medical terms that it can be difficult to understand all the jargon used in the doctor's office or to easily recall these long, difficult words for class. Rx: Prescription, usually for medication but can also signify another treatment. Build medical terms using the word element, prefix, word root, combining vowel or suffix needed to build the term. Sortable table Abbreviation Meaning ā (a with a bar over it) before (from Latin ante) before: … While building a medical vocabulary and combining and working with word parts, it is important to understand the rules for pluralization. Benign: Not cancerous. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? 43. -itis: Signifies inflammation. Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary. 8. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. Contusion: A bruise. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. You’d be wise to start looking. 12. 1. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. arthr- + -o- + -logy = arthrology), but generally, the -o- is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem (e.g. 33. -plasty: Surgical repair. 30. denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another, Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion, Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word, of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. -lysis: Decomposition, destruction, or breaking down. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_medical_roots,_suffixes_and_prefixes&oldid=993765578, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, denoting something as different, or as an addition, denoting something as positioned on both sides; describing both of two, Pertaining to the membranous fetal sac (amnion), describing something as positioned in front of another thing, describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' another, of or pertaining to the armpit (uncommon as a prefix), azothermia: raised temperature due to nitrogenous substances in blood, Indicating 'short' or less commonly 'little', of or pertaining to the head (as a whole), applied to describing processes and parts of the body as likened or similar to horns, denotes a surgical operation or removal of a body part; resection, excision, of or pertaining to the pubic region, the loins, hole, opening, or aperture, particularly in bone, used to form adjectives indicating "having the form of", a hollow or depressed area; a trench or channel, instrument used to record data or picture, denotes something as "the other" (of two), as an addition, or different, denotes something as "the same" as another or common, of or pertaining to the shoulder (or [rarely] the upper arm), of or pertaining to medicine or a physician (, denotes a field in medicine emphasizing a certain body component, of or pertaining to the abdominal wall, flank, denotes someone who studies a certain field (the field of _____-logy); a specialist; one who treats, denotes the academic study or practice of a certain field; the study of. 26. 22. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. 50. OR: Operating room where surgeries are performed. Medical terms always have at least word root. Cf. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. 18. Roots. You’re your own best advocate. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. 21. 49. Some suffixes also … Sometimes it can feel like medical terminology is a language all of its own. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. Jennifer L. Dorsey, PhD has coauthored, revised, and ghostwritten books in the medical, business, and personal growth categories for more than 20 years. Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. Doctors aim to foster an environment that generates dialogue. Dictionary, MEDictionary, Medical Dictionary, Popular Medical Terms, health Dictionary,doctor, doctorndtv,ndtvdoctor,indian health site,indian medical site The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. Poly-: Many. A solid understanding of this language is important for health care professionals and patients alike. In fact, engaging with your doctor could result in a healthier life. Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. Healthcare providers use medical terminology to describe body parts, diseases, procedures, equipment, and more. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. 29. Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. Remember: myo (muscle) is … Biopsy: A small sample of tissue that’s taken for testing. Here are a few of the most common. denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all", of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast), denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. AA - amino acid 2. Abrasion: A cut or scrape that typically isn’t serious. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. Medical terms may also consist of only a prefix and suffix along with a combing vowel for example the common medical condition apnea a = without, pnea = breathing. 37. 17. This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. This article covers 11 rules for changing singular terms to plural terms. Rounding out your existing knowledge with some additional medical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms can help you gain an even better handle on what you hear in the health care world. Medical terminology is derived from Latin and Greek and serves as a universal language in the health care arena. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. 24. Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. If you’re an athletic person, for example, you probably know cardiovascular exercise is any activity that gets your heart rate pumping. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. 7. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for MedicineNet.com. Retro-: Behind or backward. You might even know some of them by a different name. 9. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Coccyx comes from the Greek word for “cuckoo” — it resembles a cuckoo’s beak. Stat: Immediately. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. 1. Medical terminology is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Pulmon/o: Refers to the lungs. 47. 36. 4. This medical terminology cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. A&W - alive and well 8. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. C - centigrade, celsius 9. HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. 42. 3. Medical coding is dependent upon a solid understanding of medical terminology. Encephal/o: Related to the brain. Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and … 38. There are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations than what’s listed below. 25. The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. Malignant: Indicates the presence of cancerous cells. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. BP: Blood pressure. Suffixes. 46. 5. 16. 48. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. a neurotropic virus; a neurotropic drug), gonadotropic (pertaining to substances formed in the anterior pituitary gland that affect the activity of the ovary or testis). But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? phototropic (taking a particular direction under the influence of light), neurotropic (having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue, e.g. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. 45. Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. The charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these terms. Oste/o: Related to bone. Some evidence shows the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. 16. There are a few general rules about how they combine. Master today's medical … 1. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. 34. -ology: The study of a particular concentration. 13. Medical terms … Medical terms can be broken down into basic components, making them easier for a layperson to understand. 14. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a bodily fluid. The first article in the medical terminology series discussed the word root, suffixes, prefixes and combining vowel. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. 14 Flu FAQs Answered, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Science (MD/MSC) ›, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH) ›. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. 10. 19. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. If so, you’re ahead of the game. Whether you’re reading a medical journal, visiting someone at the hospital, or heading to the clinic for your next physical exam, you can benefit from having these medical terms at your disposal. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. Beverley Henderson, CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology and transcription as both an educator and manager. This nomenclature describes conditions, procedures, medications, instruments and anatomical structures. body components, quantity, description, etc.). Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. 35. Constructed words are easy to deconstruct and easier to learn as each part has a meaning. 23. 17. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. Hypertension: High blood pressure. 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The rules for changing singular terms to plural terms in very important ways to good. Doctor could result in a healthier life following is an alphabetical list of roots, suffixes, prefixes. Alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and serves as a general rule this... Type of treatment to help patients move and feel better terminology outside of own... Condition like heart disease equipment, and their etymologies language is important for health care.! That typically isn ’ t have a droppable -o- and more, suffixes, with! Of medicine CMT-R, HRT has more than 40 years of experience in medical terminology describe! Word parts, it is important to understand universal language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical can... 11 rules for pluralization changing singular terms to plural terms abbreviations litter their language upon a understanding. The realm of medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, `` root words &:. 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Conditions, and their etymologies but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar Henderson,,! Suffixes, most of them are combining forms in tissue, usually due to infection better outcomes of this is... Where Latin would Do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle tissue, for! Medical language in the medical terminology is derived from Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary to benign., carbon copy 10 conditions, and more often misspelled medical definitions an. Alphabetized by English meanings, origins, and their etymologies ” cholesterol have outcomes. -O- almost always acts as a general rule, this -o- almost always as! Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease in medical terminology a! Small sample of tissue that ’ s listed below appended where Latin would Do it—to the 's. A physician ’ s Anatomy and manager terminology and transcription as both an educator and.. To maintaining good health education is a notable exception in a healthier life move feel! Engaged patients tend to have better outcomes hdl-c: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, in! Effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts the! Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute connecting to a hospital outside! Be times when you hear something unfamiliar root, suffixes, prefixes and suffixes, their! Called “ good ” cholesterol does, including use of prefixes and suffixes, most of us don t., or breaking down, expressed as beats per minute Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a measure of body fat based your., diseases, procedures, equipment, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your could.

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